Black Pepper

Black Pepper is the dried mature berry of Piper nigrum, a climbing, perennial shrub mostly found in hot, moist region of Southern India. Under cultivation pepper vines are trailed over support as columns, 5-6 mtr tall, 1-2 meter diameter. The climbing woody stems have swollen nods with clinging roots at each node, which helps in anchoring the vine to the support trees (standards). It has straight upward growing main stem and have lateral shoots from the axils of the leaves having shorter inter nodes without adventitious roots. In such branches the terminal buds get modified into an inflorescence (spike) and the auxiliary buds continue further growth.

The root system confined to 75-100 cm radius and depth. The inflorescence is a pendent spike, 3-15 cm long with 50-150 flowers. Flowers are minute, white pale yellow, arranged spirally on fleshy pedantries. The specie is naturally self-pollinated and pollen dispersal is aided by the presence of water droplets. Fruit is a single seeded drupe often called berry. It is spherical in shape, green in colour, changing to red on ripping.

Product Specifications

Commodity: Black Pepper

Variety: MG1, 500 Grams/Litre, 550 Grams/Litre (Sterilized/Steam Washed)

Origin : Kerala, India

Quality Specifications

Black Pepper

Whole Black Pepper

Moisture: 10% max

Light Pepper: 2% max

Other matter:0.5% max

Tolerance: 0.5% max

Crushed/Milled Black Pepper

Moisture: 8% max

Particle size: 6-8 ASTM

Piperine: 4% min

Ground Black Pepper – ASTM 20


Particle size: 20 ASTM

4% min

Moisture: 5% max

Ground Black Pepper – ASTM 35

Piperine: 4% min

Particle size: 35 ASTM

Moisture: 5% max

Ground Black Pepper – ASTM 60

Piperine: 4% min

Particle size: 60 ASTM

Moisture: 5% max

White Pepper

Ground White Pepper – ASTM 40

Piperine: 4% min

Particle size: 40 ASTM

Moisture: 5% max

Ground White Pepper – ASTM 60

Piperine: 4% min

Particle size: 60 ASTM

Moisture: 5% max

Packing & Shipment Specifications

Inspection: SGS or any other agency as per your requirement for Weight and Quality.

Packing: Standard in 25 or 50 Kg Jute Bags with HDPE or PP Lining or as per customer requirements

Mode of Payment: TT, LC

Delivery: Delivered to the loading port of choice within 15 days from the date of receipt of Confirmed Purchase Order & Receipt of Advance.

Applicable Shipment Terms: FOB/CFR/CIF Inco Terms 2010 as needed by the Customer to their port of choice

Spice Uses & Other Information of Note

Pepper is largely used by meat packers and in canning, pickling, baking, considering for its preservative value. It has the ability to correct the seasoning of dishes, therefore used as a final dash at the end of cooking to effectively adjust the flavour. It is an important component of culinary seasoning of universal use and is an essential ingredient of numerous commercial foodstuffs. It is also used as an ingredient in spice mixes. White pepper is used in products like mayonnaise where, black specks of black pepper is not liked.

Other products in use are pepper oil, oleoresin, micro encapsulated pepper, green pepper in brine, dehydrated green pepper, frozen pepper etc.

Black pepper is an essential ingredient in Indian system of medicine. Piperine, the pungent principle in pepper oleoresin helps to enhance bio-availability and therefore used in pharmaceuticals. The major functional properties of pepper are analgesic, anti-pyretic, anti-oxidant and anti-microbial.